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Some of the school's major figures include Robert Graves, Francis Fergusson, Philip Wheelwright, Leslie Fiedler, Northrop Frye, Maud Bodkin, and G. These critics view the genres and individual plot patterns of literature, including highly sophisticated and realistic works, as recurrences of certain archetypes and essential mythic formulae. A form of criticism based largely on the works of C. Jung (YOONG) and Joseph Campbell (and myth itself).Among the many challenges facing postcolonial writers are the attempt both to resurrect their culture and to combat preconceptions about their culture.Edward Said, for example, uses the word Orientalism to describe the discourse about the East constructed by the West.For Heidegger or Hans Georg Gadamer (GAH-de-mer), then, a valid interpretation may become irrecoverable and will always be relative. We live in meaning, and we live 'towards,' oriented to experience.Consequently there is an intentional structure in textuality and expression, in self-knowledge and in knowledge of others.

John Lye - see General Literary Theory Websites below).

Please note: Site is in the process of being updated and expanded - January 2006. Note - Frye sees archetypes as recurring patterns in literature; in contrast, Jung views archetypes as primal, ancient images/experience that we have inherited.

A literary movement that started in the late 1920s and 1930s and originated in reaction to traditional criticism that new critics saw as largely concerned with matters extraneous to the text, e.g., with the biography or psychology of the author or the work's relationship to literary history. The application of specific psychological principles (particularly those of Sigmund Freud and Jacques Lacan [zhawk lawk-KAWN]) to the study of literature.

Material circumstances - "the economic conditions underlying the society.

To understand social events, one must have a grasp of the material circumstances and the historical situation in which they occur" (92).

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